[Colchicine: old medication with new benefits : Use in rheumatology and beyond].Z Rheumatol. 2021 Sep; 80(7):647-657.ZR
Colchicine, the toxin of the autumn crocus, has various anti-inflammatory effects. For this reason, it is being used for the treatment of several autoinflammatory diseases, such as gout or familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). In addition, some interesting studies have been published which suggest the benefits of colchicine in cardiovascular diseases. Furthermore, various anti-inflammatory therapeutic approaches are currently being tested in clinical trials for the treatment of COVID-19. First publications suggest a potential benefit of colchicine in certain disease phases of the virus infection. This article provides an overview of the mechanisms of action, benefits and side effects as well as the various possible uses of colchicine in rheumatology. Furthermore, a brief preview of potential new areas for use of the drug, which are also of interest to rheumatologists, are presented.